Chilblains are what is identified as a non-freezing cold problem. It is a condition that happens in the cold however it is not a freezing cold problem such as frostbite. They are an abnormal response of the small blood vessels within the feet to a change in temperature from cold temperatures to warm. Usually when the foot is cooler, the blood vessels close up to conserve warmth. In general once the foot is warmed up those arteries really should open up to increase circulation to the tissues. With a chilblain the blood vessels remain closed up for a longer interval of time after which they at some point and instantly open up. This causes an inflammatory response that triggers a painful red region on the foot. After a few days waste material develop in the skin and the colour changes to a darkish blue colour. They are generally rather painful.
The ideal way to deal with a chilblain should be to not get one to begin with. You need to do this by certainly not enabling the foot to get cooler using comfortable socks and protective footwear. If the feet may get cooler, then it is imperative that you let it warm up slowing to give the blood circulation the chance to respond to that heating. It's the too fast warming up of your skin that is the problem in a chilblain. If a chilblain should occur, then it must be protected. Good warmer hosiery along with shoes have to be used. Using a chilblain cream to rub them supports the blood flow and helps with eradicating those waste material that have built up. If the skin becomes damaged, then correct dressing with antiseptics needs to be used and kept being used until it gets better since there is a heavy risk for an infection. It is then imperative that you prevent any more chilblains occuring in up coming days or else there is a possibility that this results in being a persistent issue.