In Australia, wastewater treatment is under the jurisdiction of the National Water Commission, managing solid waste, sewage treatment including human wastes, rainwater drainage, etc.
Sewage treatment plants in areas treat wastewater and byproducts or waste from wastewater treatment as sewage sludge, sand, and screenings. You can also get more information about the wastewater treatment process online.
Sewage treatment mainly consists of the process of removing waste products through a combination of physical, biological and chemical processes and ensures that the final product is environmentally safe treated water suitable for land use.
The term 'wastewater treatment' has in many countries today replaces the term 'sewage treatment'. Wastewater from industrial plants, refineries, etc. is treated onsite through the infrastructure and facilities to ensure that the waste is treated before released into the local environment.
The primary process of wastewater treatment:
The wastewater treatment process involves several steps, chief among them are the following:
1. Collection of wastewater at a central point or plants.
2. Odor control with the use of chemicals to neutralize the stench.
3. Screening Process, which involves the removal of large trash items such as broken bottles, plastic, etc. that can cause damage to the machinery and cause environmental damage.
Wastewater treatment provides many benefits such as stopping water pollution, ensure the environment is unpolluted and free from damage, maximizes the use of natural resources such as water, provide an alternative source of water for factories and industrial use, and ensure adequate water supplies for agriculture and irrigation purposes.